What Are Typical Trace Elements? Why Does So Little Do So Much?
January 24, 2019

Trace elements, also known as micronutrients are chemical elements that are required in extremely small quantities for the healthy functioning of the body. They are usually vital parts of many bodily enzymes and are required in quantities less than 0.1% or 1000 parts per million.

Some of the various trace elements required by the body are copper, boron, zinc, manganese, iodine, cobalt, sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus and molybdenum among others. Trace elements such as iron and copper play a vital role in the various oxidation-reduction reactions that are involved in the metabolism of energy. A lot of these trace elements also act as catalysts in many enzymatic reactions. Iron, for example, is an important component of Hemoglobin and myoglobin and plays an important part in the carriage of oxygen within the body. All trace elements are required in extremely small quantities by the body. A higher concentration of these elements is toxic to the human body.

Overview of certain elements


The study of interaction of several trace elements reveals their involvement in various diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, hypertension, and others. Mentioned below is a brief overview of the various trace elements that are consumed as a part of the diet.

  • Iron- As mentioned above iron plays an important role in the transportation of oxygen in the blood-stream. Iron is a part of hemoglobin and myoglobin, and it carries oxygen to the muscles and various cells. The recommended levels of iron consumption for women are around 18 mg per day and for men is about 10 mg per day. Iron is also needed for growth of the body from the stage of a small child to adolescence.
  • Zinc- Zinc is one of the most important trace elements that are a part of over 200 enzymes within the body. It plays important roles in cell replication, tissue repair, nucleic acid metabolism and boosting through its actions in nucleic acid polymerase. Zinc enzymes are also involved in the synthesis of DNA.
  • Copper- Copper is easily consumed through food and water. The safe levels of consumption of copper rest at 0.5 – 1 mg per day for infants, 1 – 2.5 mg per day for children below the age of 11 and 2 – 3 mg for children above the age of 11 and adults. The actions of copper are in direct conflict with zinc, and the ratio of zinc to copper in the body is of prime importance.


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And don't forget, trace elements are in our Multi-Vitamin and Multi-Herbal supplement AsUage. We go out of our way to find the best ingredients from around the world for your optimum health.

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